A Section 232 investigation is conducted under the authority of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962, as amended. The purpose of the investigation is to determine the effect of imports on the national security. Investigations may be initiated based on an application from an interested party, a request from the head of any department or agency, or may be self-initiated by the Secretary of Commerce.

The Secretary’s report to the President, prepared within 270 days of initiation, focuses on whether the importation of the article in question is in such quantities or under such circumstances as to threaten to impair the national security. The President can concur or not with the Secretary’s recommendations, and take action to “adjust the imports of an article and its derivatives” or other non-trade related actions as deemed necessary.

Want to learn more about Section 232 investigations? Download a Section 232 booklet in Adobe Acrobat format, which provides an explanation of the law and regulations, as well as provides a brief history of every case conducted under this authority.

Downloads Reports:

Iron Ore and Semi-Finished Steel – 2001

The Effect of Imports of Crude Oil on National Security – 1999

Crude Oil and Petroleum Products – 1994

Ceramic Semiconductor Packaging – 1993

Gears and Gearing Products – 1992

Crude Oil and Petroleum Products – 1989

Plastic Injection Molding – 1989

Uranium – 1989

Antifriction Bearings – 1988

CRUDE OIL FROM LIBYA – 1982 (47 F.R. 10507)

CHROMIUM, MANGANESE AND SILICON FERROALLOYS AND RELATED MATERIALS –1981 (49 F.R. 21391)

THE EFFECT OF IMPORTS OF NUTS, BOLTS, AND LARGE SCREWS ON THE NATIONAL SECURITY – 1983

METAL-CUTTING AND METAL-FORMING MACHINE TOOLS – 1983 (48 F.R. 15174)

GLASS-LINED CHEMICAL PROCESSING EQUIPMENT – 1981 (47 F.R. 11746)

 


   
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