De Minimis Guidelines

BIS Privacy Policy Statement

The kinds of information BIS collects

Automatic Collections - BIS Web servers automatically collect the following information:

  • The IP address of the computer from which you visit our sites and, if available, the domain name assigned to that IP address;
  • The type of browser and operating system used to visit our Web sites;
  • The date and time of your visit;
  • The Internet address of the Web site from which you linked to our sites; and
  • The pages you visit.
  • In addition, when you use our search tool our affiliate, USA.gov, automatically collects information on the search terms you enter. No personally identifiable information is collected by USA.gov.

This information is collected to enable BIS to provide better service to our users. The information is used only for aggregate traffic data and not used to track individual users. For example, browser identification can help us improve the functionality and format of our Web site.

Submitted Information: BIS collects information you provide through e-mail and Web forms. We do not collect personally identifiable information (e.g., name, address, phone number, e-mail address) unless you provide it to us. In all cases, the information collected is used to respond to user inquiries or to provide services requested by our users. Any information you provide to us through one of our Web forms is removed from our Web servers within seconds thereby increasing the protection for this information.

Privacy Act System of Records: Some of the information submitted to BIS may be maintained and retrieved based upon personal identifiers (name, e-mail addresses, etc.). In instances where a Privacy Act System of Records exists, information regarding your rights under the Privacy Act is provided on the page where this information is collected.

Consent to Information Collection and Sharing: All the information users submit to BIS is done on a voluntary basis. When a user clicks the "Submit" button on any of the Web forms found on BIS's sites, they are indicating they are aware of the BIS Privacy Policy provisions and voluntarily consent to the conditions outlined therein.

How long the information is retained: We destroy the information we collect when the purpose for which it was provided has been fulfilled unless we are required to keep it longer by statute, policy, or both. For example, under BIS's records retention schedule, any information submitted to obtain an export license must be retained for seven years.

How the information is used: The information BIS collects is used for a variety of purposes (e.g., for export license applications, to respond to requests for information about our regulations and policies, and to fill orders for BIS forms). We make every effort to disclose clearly how information is used at the point where it is collected and allow our Web site user to determine whether they wish to provide the information.

Sharing with other Federal agencies: BIS may share information received from its Web sites with other Federal agencies as needed to effectively implement and enforce its export control and other authorities. For example, BIS shares export license application information with the Departments of State, Defense, and Energy as part of the interagency license review process.

In addition, if a breach of our IT security protections were to occur, the information collected by our servers and staff could be shared with appropriate law enforcement and homeland security officials.

The conditions under which the information may be made available to the public: Information we receive through our Web sites is disclosed to the public only pursuant to the laws and policies governing the dissemination of information. For example, BIS policy is to share information which is of general interest, such as frequently asked questions about our regulations, but only after removing personal or proprietary data. However, information submitted to BIS becomes an agency record and therefore might be subject to a Freedom of Information Act request.

How e-mail is handled: We use information you send us by e-mail only for the purpose for which it is submitted (e.g., to answer a question, to send information, or to process an export license application). In addition, if you do supply us with personally identifying information, it is only used to respond to your request (e.g., addressing a package to send you export control forms or booklets) or to provide a service you are requesting (e.g., e-mail notifications). Information we receive by e-mail is disclosed to the public only pursuant to the laws and policies governing the dissemination of information. However, information submitted to BIS becomes an agency record and therefore might be subject to a Freedom of Information Act request.

The use of "cookies": BIS does not use "persistent cookies" or tracking technology to track personally identifiable information about visitors to its Web sites.

Information Protection: Our sites have security measures in place to protect against the loss, misuse, or alteration of the information on our Web sites. We also provide Secure Socket Layer protection for user-submitted information to our Web servers via Web forms. In addition, staff is on-site and continually monitor our Web sites for possible security threats.

Links to Other Web Sites: Some of our Web pages contain links to Web sites outside of the Bureau of Industry and Security, including those of other federal agencies, state and local governments, and private organizations. Please be aware that when you follow a link to another site, you are then subject to the privacy policies of the new site.

Further Information: If you have specific questions about BIS' Web information collection and retention practices, please use the form provided.

Policy Updated:  April 6th, 2015 10:00am

 

Newsroom

Details

Welcome to the BIS Newsroom! Here you will find information on BIS' current activities, as well as historical records and speeches and testimony from BIS' senior management team members.

February 18, 2015

BIS and Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control publish rules revising controls on Sudan

BIS's rule makes Sudan an eligible destination for License Exception Consumer Communications Devices (CCD) and revises license application review policy for certain telecommunications items from a general policy of denial to one of case-by-case review. OFAC's rule amends the Sudanese Sanctions Regulations by adding a general license pertaining to certain software, hardware, and services incident to personal communications.
BIS Rule
OFAC Rule

February 18, 2015

BIS publishes rule revising the Entity List

This rule amends the Export Administration Regulations by revising the Entity List to add eleven persons under the destinations of People's Republic of China, Pakistan, and United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.) and remove one as the result of a request for removal submitted by the person and review conducted by the End-User Review Committee (ERC).
Rule

January 29, 2015

BIS publishes rule: Revision to the Unverified List (UVL) 

This final rule amends the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) by adding fourteen (14) persons, removing one person, and updating the addresses of other persons listed on the Unverified List (the ''Unverified List'' or UVL).

Rule

January 29, 2015

BIS publishes rule: Russian Sanctions: Licensing Policy for the Crimea Region of Ukraine

BIS issues this final rule to amend the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) to impose additional sanctions that implement U.S. policy toward Russia.

Rule

January 23, 2015

BIS publishes rule: U.S.-India Bilateral Understanding: Additional Revisions to the U. S. Export and Reexport Controls Under the Export Administration Regulations 

In this rule, BIS amends the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) to further implement the bilateral understanding between the United States and India announced by President Obama and India's Prime Minister Singh on November 8, 2010.

Rule

January 16, 2015

BIS and the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) publish rules: Cuba Rule 

On December 17, 2014, the President announced that the United States is taking historic steps to chart a new course in bilateral relations with Cuba and to further engage and empower the Cuban people. The President explained that these steps build upon actions taken since 2009 that have been aimed at supporting the ability of the Cuban people to gain greater control over their own lives and determine their country's future. In these final rules, the Commerce and Treasury Departments are taking coordinated actions to implement this policy.

BIS Rule

OFAC Rule

December 23, 2014

BIS publishes rule: Corrections and Clarifications to the Export Administration Regulations

This final rule amends the Export Administration Regulations by correcting certain provisions of the EAR that were amended in past rulemakings appearing in the Federal Register between November 5, 2007 and October 14, 2014.

Rule

December 23, 2014

BIS publishes rule: Clarification to Scope of Certain "600 series" Export Control Classification Numbers

This rule revises six Export Control Classification Numbers (ECCNs) to clarify that they do not control certain basic parts, components, accessories and attachments because those basic parts, components, accessories and attachments are controlled in a new ECCN created by a rule published on July 1, 2014 to be effective on December 30, 2014. This rule also removes controls on certain monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC) power amplifiers and discrete microwave transistors and related technology.

Rule

December 23, 2014

BIS publishes rule: Revision to the Export Administration Regulations: Controls on Electronic Commodities; Exports and Reexports to Hong Kong

This rule amends the Export Administration Regulations to expand controls for national security reasons and responds to public comments solicited by a BIS notice of inquiry regarding the proper export control classification of certain electronic commodities and a type of radar. This rule also expands license requirements for exports and reexports to Hong Kong of items controlled for national security reasons.

Rule

December 17, 2014

BIS publishes rule: Expansion of the Microprocessor Military End-Use and End-User Control

Rule

This rule expands the scope of § 744.17 of the Export Administration Regulations. In addition to the license requirements set forth elsewhere in the EAR, you may not export, reexport or transfer (in-country) microprocessors, or associated "software" and "technology" for the "production" or "development" of such microprocessors without a license if, at the time of the export, reexport or transfer (in-country), you know, have reason to know, or are informed by BIS that the item will be or is intended to be used for a 'military end use' or 'military end user,' in a destination listed in Country Group D:1. In addition, this rule adds a prohibition on the use of license exceptions (including License Exception ENC) for transactions meeting these criteria.

December 1, 2014

BIS publishes rule: Amendments to Existing Validated End-User Authorization in the People’s Republic of China: Lam Research Service Co., Ltd.

In this rule, BIS amends the Export Administration Regulations to revise the existing authorization for Validated End User (VEU) Lam Research Service Co., Ltd. (Lam) in the People's Republic of China (PRC).

Rule

December 1, 2014

BIS publishes rule: Updated Statements of Legal Authority for the Export Administration Regulations

This rule revises the authority citation paragraphs for the Export Administration Regulations (EAR). This is a purely procedural rule that does not alter any right, obligation or prohibition that applies to any person under the EAR.

Rule

November 12, 2014

BIS publishes rule: Clarifications and Corrections to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR): Control of Spacecraft Systems and Related Items the President Determines No Longer Warrant Control Under the United States Munitions List (USML)

This final rule makes clarifications and corrections to the interim final rule, Revisions to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR): Control of Spacecraft Systems and Related Items the President Determines No Longer Warrant Control Under the United States Munitions List (USML), that was published on May 13, 2014 (79 FR 27417).

Rule

October 14, 2014

BIS publishes rule: Venezuela: Implementation of Certain Military End Uses and End Users License Requirements under the Export Administration Regulations

In response to the Venezuelan military's violent repression of the Venezuelan people, BIS amends the Export Administration Regulations in this final rule to impose license requirements on the export, reexport, or transfer (in-country) of certain items to or within Venezuela when intended for a military end use or end user.

Rule

October 14, 2014

BIS publishes rule: Revisions to the Commerce Control List: Imposition of Controls on Integrated Circuits, Helicopter Landing System Radars, Seismic Detection Systems, and Technology for IR Up-Conversion Devices

In this interim final rule, BIS amends the Export Administration Regulations to impose foreign policy controls on read-out integrated circuits and related "software" and "technology," radar for helicopter autonomous landing systems, seismic intrusion detection systems and related "software" and "technology", and "technology" "required" for the "development" or "production" of specified infrared up-conversion devices. The Departments of Commerce, State and Defense have determined that the items described in this rule have civilian applications but also warrant immediate controls under the EAR because of their potential military applications.

Rule

October 1, 2014

BIS publishes rule: Request for Public Comment on the Recordkeeping Requirements of the Export Administration Regulations

BIS is seeking public comment on the recordkeeping requirements of the Export Administration Regulations (EAR).

Rule

September 18, 2014

BIS publishes rule: Addition and Modification of Certain Persons on the Entity List; and Removal of Certain Persons from the Entity List

This rule amends the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) by adding twenty-eight persons under thirty-four entries to the Entity List. The twenty-eight persons who are added to the Entity List have been determined by the U.S. Government to be acting contrary to the national security or foreign policy interests of the United States.

Rule

September 17, 2014

BIS publishes rule: Russian Sanctions: Addition of Persons to the Entity List and Restrictions on Certain Military End Uses and Military End Users

This final rule amends the Export Administration Regulations to impose additional sanctions implementing U.S. policy toward Russia.

Rule

September 8, 2014

BIS publishes rule: Notice of Foreign Availability Assessment: Anisotropic Plasma Dry Etching Equipment. This notice announces that BIS is initiating a foreign availability assessment pursuant to section 5(f) of the Export Administration Act of 1979, as amended. BIS is also seeking public comments on the foreign availability of this equipment in China.

Rule

September 5, 2014

BIS publishes rule: Implementation of Understandings Reached at the 2005, 2012, and 2013 Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) Plenary Meetings and a 2009 NSG Intersessional Decision; Additions to the List of NSG Participating Countries; Correction.

This final rule corrects certain errors in the August 7, 2014, Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) Plenary final rule (79 FR 46316).

Rule

August 18, 2014

BIS publishes rule: Corrections and Clarifications to the Export Administration Regulations; Correction

This final rule make corrections to certain provisions of the Export Administration Regulations that were amended by two final rules appearing in the Federal Register on June 5, 2014 (79 FR 32612) and on May 13, 2014 (79 FR 27417).

Rule

August 7, 2014

BIS publishes rule: Implementation of Understandings Reached at the 2005, 2012, and 2013 Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) Plenary Meetings and a 2009 NSG Intersessional Decision; Additions to the List of NSG Participating Countries

This rule amends the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) to implement the understandings reached at the 2005, 2012 and 2013 Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) Plenary meetings.

Rule

August 6,2014

BIS publishes rule: Russian Oil Industry Sanctions and Addition of Person to the Entity List

In this rule, BIS amends the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) by adding United Shipbuilding Corporation to the Entity List. United Shipbuilding Corporation is a Russian state-owned company that manufactures, among other things, ordnance and accessories, and is engaged in shipbuilding, repair, and maintenance. This rule also imposes controls on certain items for use in Russia’s energy sector intended for energy exploration or production from deepwater (greater than 500 feet), Arctic offshore, or shale projects.

Rule

August 4, 2014

BIS publishes rule: Wassenaar Arrangement 2013 Plenary Agreements Implementation: Commerce Control List, Definitions, and Reports; and Extension of Fly-by-Wire Technology and Software Controls

This final rule revises the CCL to implement changes made to the Wassenaar Arrangement’s List of Dual-Use Goods and Technologies maintained and agreed to by governments participating in the Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls for Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies (WA) at the December 2013 WA Plenary Meeting. This rule also extends the controls on specified fly-by-wire source code software and technology until June 20, 2015, as BIS continues to negotiate for multilateral controls for this software and technology. This rule also removes the "X" under NS:2 and RS:2 for Mexico on the Commerce Country Chart, because of its recent membership in multiple multilateral export control regimes.

Rule

August 4,2014

BIS publishes rule: Technical Amendments to the Export Administration Regulations: Update of Export Control Classification Number 0Y521 Series Supplement - Biosensor Systems and Related Software and Technology

In this rule, BIS amends the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) by removing certain entries from the Supplement No. 5 to part 774 that identifies those items subject to the EAR that are not listed elsewhere in the Commerce Control List (CCL), but which the Department of Commerce, with the concurrence of the Departments of Defense and State, has determined should be controlled for export for foreign policy reasons or because the items provide a significant military or intelligence advantage to the United States.

Rule

August 1, 2014

BIS publishes rule: Addition of Certain Persons to the Entity List

This rule amends the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) by adding sixteen persons under nineteen entries to the Entity List. The persons who are added to the Entity List have been determined by the U.S. Government to be acting contrary to the national security or foreign policy interests of the United States.

Rule

July 22, 2014
BIS publishes Rule: Addition of Certain Persons to the Entity List
BIS Rule

July 17, 2014
BIS publishes Rule: Addition of Certain Persons to the Entity List (Crimea (Occupied), Russia, and Ukraine)
BIS Rule

July 16, 2014
Commerce Department Announces Further Expansion of Export Restrictions on Russia
Press Release

July 1, 2014
BIS publishes Rule: Request for Comments: Civil Uses of Certain Microwave Monolithic Integrated Circuit (MMIC) Power Amplifiers, Discrete Microwave Transistors and Bi-Static and Multi-Static Radar.
BIS Rule

July 1, 2014
BIS publishes Rule:Revisions to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR): Control of Military Electronic Equipment and Other Items the President Determines No Longer Warrant Control Under the United States Munitions List (USML). 
BIS Rule | State Rule

June 19, 2014
Texas Woman Admits Illegally Exporting Advanced Combat Optical Gunsights, Sentenced To Prison
Press Release

June 16, 2014
BIS publishes Rule: Amendments to Existing Validated End-User Authorizations in the People’s Republic of China: Samsung China Semiconductor Co. Ltd and Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corporation; Correction
BIS Rule

June 16, 2014
BIS publishes Rule: Export Administration Regulations (EAR): Addition of Certain Persons to the Unverified List (UVL) and Making a Correction
BIS Rule

May 29, 2014
BIS publishes Rule: Amendments to Existing Validated End-User Authorizations in the People’s Republic of China: Samsung China Semiconductor Co. Ltd and Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corporation.
BIS Rule

May 20, 2014
U.A.E. Freight Forwarder Agrees to Pay $125,000 Penalty in Connection with Export and Reexport of Monitoring Devices to Syria
Press Release

May 13, 2014
Commerce Department to License Export of Satellites; Move is Key Component of Export Control Reform Initiative
Press Release

April 29, 2014
U.S. Commerce Department Adds Nine Persons Associated with Missile Proliferator to Entity List
Press Release

April 23, 2014
Schuylkill County Firm and Chief Officer Charged with Shipping Machinery to Iran in Violation of U.S. Export License Requirements
Press Release

February 24, 2014
Bureau of Industry and Security Fines California Company for Illegal Export of Technology to Russian Engineer
Press Release

January 21, 2014
Former Connecticut Resident Indicted for Attempting to Ship Sensitive Military Documents to Iran
Press Release

January 17, 2014
Pennsylvania Company Settles with Commerce Dept. for Charges of Illegal Exports
Press Release

January 3, 2014
Temporary Denial Order Issued for Re-Export of U.S.-Origin Aircraft Engines to Iran
Denial Order

December 10, 2013
Chinese National Sentenced to 57 Months Incarceration for Attempting to Illegally Export Aerospace-Grade Carbon Fiber
Press Release

November 26, 2013
New York Man Sentenced In Manhattan Federal Court To Three Months In Prison For Exporting High-Grade Carbon Fiber To China
Press Release

October 4, 2013
BIS publishes Rule: Revisions to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) To Make the Commerce Control List (CCL) Clearer
BIS Rule

October 3, 2013
BIS publishes Rule: Revisions to the Export Administration Regulations: Initial Implementation of Export Control Reform; Correction
BIS Rule

September 11, 2013
BIS publishes Proposed Rule: Revisions to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR): Unverified List (UVL)
BIS Rule | Public Comments

September 6, 2013
BIS publishes Rule: Addition and Revision to the List of Validated End-Users in the People’s Republic of China
BIS Rule

July 23, 2013
BIS publishes Rule: Amendments to the Export Administration Regulations: Implementation of Limited Syria Waiver for Reconstruction Assistance
BIS Rule

July 16, 2013
BIS publishes Rule:Revisions to the Export Administration Regulations Based on the 2012 Missile Technology Control Regime Plenary Agreements
BIS Rule

BIS posts public comments received for the proposed rule: Export Administration Regulations (EAR): Control of Spacecraft Systems and Related Items the President Determines No Longer Warrant Control Under the United States Munitions List (USML). The comment period closed July 8, 2013.
Public Comments

July 10, 2013
BIS publishes Rule: Additions to the List of Validated End-Users in the People's Republic of China: Samsung China Semiconductor Co. Ltd. and Advanced Micro-Fabrication Equipment, Inc., China
BIS Rule

June 12, 2013
Bureau of Industry and Security Announces SYRIA: Additional Items Eligible for Export/Reexport under License

June 5, 2013
BIS publishes Rule:Implementation of the Understandings Reached at the 2012 Australia Group (AG) Plenary Meeting and the 2012 AG Intersessional Decisions; Changes to Select Agent Controls.
BIS Rule

June 3, 2013
BIS publishes rule:Addition, Removals, and Revisions to the List of Validated End-Users in the People's Republic of China
BIS Rule

May 24, 2013
BIS publishes proposed rule: Export Administration Regulations (EAR): Control of Spacecraft Systems and Related Items the President Determines No Longer Warrant Control Under the United States Munitions List (USML).
iconBIS Proposed Rule icon State Proposed Rule

May 6, 2013
Taiwanese Father and Son Arrested for Allegedly Violating US Laws to Prevent Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction
DOJ Press Release |  Alex Tsai Complaint | Gary Tsai Complaint 

April 25, 2013
Bureau of Industry and Security Announces $2.8 Million Civil Settlement with Computerlinks FZCO for Charges Related to Unlawful Exporting of Technology to Syria
Press Release | Computerlinks Order

April 19, 2013
BIS publishes a Final Rule: Amendments to Existing Validated End-User Authorizations: CSMC Technologies Corporation in the People’s Republic of China (PRC)
Final Rule

March 1, 2013
Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Export Administration Kevin J. Wolf visits Bern

Departments of Commerce and State publish final rules: Initial Implementation of Export Control Reform. Both rules become effective October 15, 2013.
Commerce Rule
State Rule

March 28, 2013
BIS publishes a Final Rule: Amendment to the Export Administration Regulations: List of Items Classified Under Export Control Classification 0Y521 Series – Biosensor Systems
Final Rule

March 20, 2013
BIS posts public comments received on proposed rule to add to the Commerce Control List articles the President determines no longer warrant control under the United States Munitions List (USML) that are related to launch vehicles, missiles, rockets, torpedoes, bombs, mines, and other military explosive devices enumerated in USML Category IV.
Public Comments

BIS publishes a Final Rule:
Addition of Certain Persons to the Entity List; Removal of Person From the Entity List Based on Removal Request; Implementation of Entity List Annual Review Changes
Final Rule

March 8, 2013
BIS publishes a Final Rule: Addition of Certain Persons to the Entity List
Final Rule

February 28, 2013
BIS publishes a Final Rule: Editorial Corrections to the Export Administration Regulations
Final Rule

February 6, 2013
The weekly teleconference on the Export Control Reform (ECR) conducted by Assistant Secretary for Export Administration Kevin Wolf, will not be held on February 27, 2013. The teleconferences will resume March 6, 2013 at the regular time of 2:30 EST. The dial-in number is 1-888-455-8218 and the passcode is 6514196. Please send questions on any ECR topic to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .

January 31, 2013
BIS and State Department publish proposed rules addressing articles that the President determines no longer warrant control under Category IV (Launch Vehicles) on the United States Munitions List. The public comment period for both rules closes on March 18, 2013.
 BIS Proposed Rule | State Proposed Rule

January 29, 2013
BIS posts public comments received for the Revisions to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR): Control of Military Electronic Equipment and Related Items the President Determines No Longer Warrant Control Under the United States Munitions List. Comment period closed January 28, 2013. 
Public Comments

January 29, 2013
BIS posts public comments received for the Proposed Revisions to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) To Make the Commerce Control List (CCL) Clearer. Comment period closed January 28, 2013 
Public Comments

January 17, 2013
Pennsylvania Man Sentenced to 42 Months in Prison for Export Violations
DOJ Press Release | Statement from Under Secretary of Commerce Hirschhorn

Other Recent News Stories

Eric L. Hirschhorn

eric hirschhornPresident Barack Obama appointed Eric L. Hirschhorn to be the Under Secretary of Commerce for Industry and Security (BIS) on March 29, 2010. Mr. Hirschhorn was sworn in April 2, 2010.

Mr. Hirschhorn most recently was a partner in the Washington, D.C. office of Winston & Strawn LLP.

Mr. Hirschhorn oversees the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS), the Commerce agency that advances U.S. national security, foreign policy and economic objectives by ensuring an effective export control and treaty compliance system and promoting U.S. strategic technology leadership.

From 1980 to 1981, Mr. Hirschhorn was the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Export Administration at the U.S. Department of Commerce and oversaw U.S. export controls for items having commercial and military applications, antiboycott compliance, restraints on imports for national security reasons, and the department's participation in the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS). Earlier, while a member of President Jimmy Carter's reorganization project staff (1977-1980), he worked on reorganizing the government's international trade, public diplomacy, and foreign assistance mechanisms. Before working in the executive branch, Mr. Hirschhorn held several congressional staff positions, was in private law practice in New York City, and was a legal services lawyer.

After returning to private law practice in 1981, Mr. Hirschhorn represented foreign and domestic clients on a wide range of commercial and regulatory matters. His practice included advising and assisting clients regarding export and embargo regulations, as well as about financing and other aspects of international transactions.

Mr. Hirschhorn is the former Executive Secretary of the Industry Coalition on Technology Transfer (ICOTT), a group whose trade association and industry participants are affected by U.S. export control and embargo rules. He is the author of The Export Control and Embargo Handbook, whose third edition was published early in 2010 by Oxford University Press, and numerous articles on export controls, embargoes and related topics. Outside the international trade area, Mr. Hirschhorn's practice included trial and appellate litigation, along with lawyers' professional responsibility matters.

He also is a member of the New York City Bar Association and the Thurgood Marshall American Inn of Court. Mr. Hirschhorn received his B.A. degree from the University of Chicago and a J.D. degree from Columbia University, where he was a Harlan Fiske Stone Scholar.