The Commerce Department released for Federal Register publication a list of foreign end users involved in proliferation activities as part of the Enhanced Proliferation Control Initiative (EPCI). Exports to these "entities of concern" will now require more careful scrutiny before shipments will be permitted.
"These end users have been determined to be involved in developing weapons of mass destruction or the missiles used to deliver those weapons. Publishing this list puts exporters on notice that any products sold to these end users may present a problem and will require a license from the Bureau of Export Administration.
While this list will assist exporters in determining whether an entity poses proliferation concerns, it is not comprehensive. It does not relieve exporters of the responsibility to determine the nature and activities of their potential customers. Questions about end users and end uses of the goods to be exported will be answered by the Bureau of Export Administration."
Statement by William A. Reinsch, Under Secretary of Commerce for Export Administration
Interagency groups involved in the export control process reviewed the activities of the published entities of concern and determined that exports to these entities would create an unacceptable risk of use in or diversion to prohibited proliferation-related activities. Publishing this entities list allows the U.S. government to identify for U.S. businesses some of the organizations and companies that may be involved in proliferation activities.
The development of a list of entities of concern arises from an initiative begun in 1990, when President Bush called for a redoubling of our efforts to stem the spread of missile technology as well as nuclear, chemical and biological weapons. Under EPCI the Commerce Department can impose licensing requirements on exports and reexports of any goods and technology where there is an unacceptable risk of diversion to activities related to nuclear, chemical or biological weapons or missile proliferation, even if the end user is not primarily weapons-related.
The Bureau of Export Administration will require an export license for all items subject to the Export Administration Regulations before allowing shipments to these end users because of risk of diversion to prohibited proliferation activities. The list of entities of concern appears below.
Chinese Academy of Engineering Physics (a.k.a. Ninth Academy, including the Southwest Institutes of: Applied Electronics; Chemical Materials; Electronic Engineering, Explosives and Chemical Engineering; Environmental Testing; Fluid Physics; General Designing and Assembly; Machining Technology; Materials; Nuclear Physics and Chemistry; Structural Mechanics; Research and Applications of Special Materials Factory; and Southwest Computing Center (all of preceding located in or near Mianyang, Sichuan Province); Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing; and High Power Laser Laboratory, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China).
Bhaba Atomic Research Center (BARC),Trombay, India.
Indira Gandhi Center for Atomic Research, Khalpakham, India.
Indian Rare Earths, Ltd., India
Nuclear Research Center at Negev, Dimona, Israel.
Khan Research Laboratory, Kahuta, Pakistan.
Pakistan Institute for Nuclear Science and Technology, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, (including New Labs Rawalpindi).
National Development Centre, Pakistan
All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Technical Physics, (a.k.a. VNIITF; Chelyabinsk-70; All-Russian Research Institute of Technical Physics; ARITP; Russian Federal Nuclear Center), the All-Union Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics, (a.k.a. VNIIEF; Arzamas-16; Russian Federal Nuclear Center; All Russian Research Institute of Experimental Physics; ARIEP; Khariton Institute) and any other entities, institutes, or centers associated with the Ministry for Atomic Power of Russia located in either Snezhinsk or Kremlev, Russia.
Note: Previous entities of concern published in the Federal Register include Ben Gurion University, Israel and Bharat Electronics, Inc., India.
In April of 2002 the Bureau of Export Administration (BXA) changed its name to the Bureau of Industry and Security(BIS). For historical purposes we have not changed the references to BXA in the legacy documents found in the Archived Press and Public Information.