This is a list of acronyms commonly used in the Bureau of Industry and Security. It is intended to help you with the general meaning of each acronym. These are not the official definitions of the terms in question. Where an acronym refers to a provision of the Export Administration Regulations, or other legal authority, you should consult that authority for official guidance. The official definitions of terms used in the EAR are contained in Part 772.
AECA- Arms Export Control Act. The AECA is the statute that authorizes the export and temporary import control activities of the Department of State (DOS). The AECA is the basic authority for the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC) to issue regulations, and to administer and enforce export and temporary import controls for national security and foreign policy.
ACEP- Advisory Committee on Export Policy. An interagency dispute resolution committee chaired by the Assistant Secretary for Export Administration.
AES- Automated Export System.The electronic system, including AESDirect, that collects export information previously captured on the Shipper Export Declaration.
AG- Australia Group. An arrangement among cooperating nations that have agreed to adopt national export controls on dual-use chemical weapon precursors, biological microorganisms and related equipment to prevent the proliferation of chemical and biological weapons.
APP - Adjusted Peak Performance. An adjusted peak rate at which "digital computers" perform 64-bit or larger floating point additions and multiplications. The formula to calculate APP is contained in a technical note at the end of Category 4 of the Commerce Control List.
AT- Anti-Terrorism. A reason for control on the Commerce Control List (CCL). Countries subject to AT controls are those on the State Department's list of countries that support international terrorism.
BIS- Bureau of Industry and Security. An agency of the Department of Commerce established by the Export Administration Act (EAA) that is responsible for administering and enforcing export controls on "dual-use" items. BIS administers the EAA by developing export control policies, issuing export licenses, prosecuting violators, and implementing the EAA's antiboycott provisions. BIS also enhances the defense industrial base, assists U.S. defense firms, and helps other countries develop export control systems.
CBM- Office of Chemical, Biological and Missile Proliferation, Nonproliferation Bureau, Department of State.CBM establishes and implements U.S. foreign policy relating to the proliferation and international transfers of weapons of mass destruction.
CC- Crime Control. A reason for control on the Commerce Control List (CCL) for the purpose of promoting human rights throughout the world.
CCAT - Commodity Classification Automated Tracking System.
CCL- Commerce Control List. A list of items subject to Bureau of Industry and Security export license requirements based on their identity. The Commerce Control List (CCL) is found in Supplement 1 to Part 774 of the Export Administration Regulations (EAR). [NOTE: EAR99 items are not on the CCL.]
CFR- Code of Federal Regulations. The CFR is the codification of the general and permanent rules of the Executive departments and agencies of the Federal Government. The Export Administration Regulations are in 15 CFR Parts 730-774. The CFR is amended by rules published in the Federal Register.
CIA- Central Intelligence Agency.
CJ- Commodity Jurisdiction. A commodity jurisdiction (CJ) request seeks to determine whether an item or service is subject to the export licensing authority of the Department of Commerce or the Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC). BIS is the licensing agency for dual-use exports, while the DDTC licenses defense articles and services.
CW- Chemical Weapons. A reason for control on the Commerce Control List (CCL) of chemicals that are listed on schedules of the Chemical Weapons Convention.
CWC- Chemical Weapons Convention. An international agreement among nations that agree they will not develop, produce, stockpile, or use chemical weapons.
DOD-Department of Defense.
DOE- Department of Energy.
DOJ- Department of Justice.
DOS- Department of State.
DPL- Denied Persons List. A list of persons whose export privileges are currently denied, in whole or in part. (Formerly known as the "Table of Denial Orders")
DDTC- Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. The office in the Department of State (DOS) that administers licenses for defense services and defense (munitions) articles. (Formerly known as the Office of Defense Trade Controls)
DTSA- Defense Technology Security Administration. An agency of the Department of Defense (DOD) responsible for the development and implementation of policies on international transfers of defense-related munitions technology, and review of certain dual-use export license applications.
EAA- Export Administration Act. The EAA is the statute that authorizes the export control and antiboycott compliance activities of the Department of Commerce (DOC). The EAA is the basic authority for BIS to to issue regulations, and to administer and enforce export controls for national security, foreign policy and short supply.
EA- Export Administration. A principal operating unit of the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) responsible for export control policy and licensing issues for "dual-use" items. EA also enhances the defense industrial base and assists U.S. defense firms which have felt the impact of reduced defense spending.
EAR- Export Administration Regulations. Regulations set forth in parts 730-774, of Title 15 of the Code of Federal Regulations(CFR), and issued by the Department of Commerce to implement the Export Administration Act (EAA) and other statutory requirements. The EAR is amended by rules published in the Federal Register.
EARB- Export Administration Review Board. The cabinet level interagency dispute resolution committee involved with the review of export license applications and chaired by the Secretary of Commerce.
EB- Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs, Department of State. Among the various duties of this bureau is fostering regional and global stability.
ECASS- Export Control Automated Support System. The electronic database of export license information that supports the Bureau of Industry and Security's (BIS) export licensing process and enforcement activities.
ECCN- Export Control Classification Number. Individual categories of items on the Commerce Control List (CCL) are identified by an Export Control Classification Number (ECCN).
ECNP- Office of Export Controls and Conventional Arms Nonproliferation Policy, Nonproliferation Bureau, Department of State. ECNP establishes and implements U.S. foreign policy relating to the proliferation and international transfer of conventional arms and sensitive dual-use technology.
ECO - Export Control Officer. BIS Export Control Officers are located in five overseas locations. They conduct Pre-License Checks, Post-Shipment Verifications, and outreach and educational activities to monitor export control requirements in foreign destination countries. Export Control Officers are BIS Special Agents on detail to the Foreign Commercial Service, and report directly to the Embassies to which they are posted.
EE- Export Enforcement. A principal operating unit of the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) responsible for the enforcement of export controls on "dual-use" items. EE also enforces the Export Administration Act's (EAA) antiboycott provisions and the Fastener Quality Act.
EEI - Electronic Export Information. The electronic export data filed in the AES. This is the electronic equivalent of the export data formerly collected on Shipper’s Export Declaration (SED) form that is now mandated to be filed through the AES or AESDirect. This information is used for compiling the official U.S. export statistics for the United States and for export control purposes.
EI- Encryption Items. A reason for control on the Commerce Control List (CCL) covering encryption commodities, software and technology.
ELAIN- Export License Application and Information Network. A system that allows electronic submission of license applications through private vendors.
EMCP- Export Management Compliance Program. An optional program developed by the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) to assist companies in complying with the export control provisions of the Export Administration Regulations (EAR).
EPCI- Enhanced Proliferation Control Initiative. The Presidential initiative announced in December 1990, upon which many Commerce non-proliferation controls are based, focusing specifically on missile technology and chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons. Although the 1990 EPCI announcement addressed both controls on items and end-use controls, the term is often used informally to specify the EPCI provision that requires an export license based upon what the exporter "knows" of the end-user or end-use, or upon what the exporter is "informed." See: EAR Part 744.
ERIC- Electronic Request for Item Classification. A supplementary service to ELAIN to allow the electronic submission of commodity classification requests to the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS).
EUC - End-Use Check. As part of its licensing process and preventive enforcement efforts, BIS selectively conducts end-use checks on certain dual-use export transactions. EUCs help create the confidence necessary to foster legitimate trade while strengthening U.S. security. EUCs are comprised of two types of checks. They are: Pre-License Checks (PLCs) and Post-Shipment Verifications (PSVs).
FTO- Foreign Terrorist Organization. The Secretary of State designates FTO's. The Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act prohibits persons within the United States or subject to U.S. jurisdiction from providing support or resources to an FTO. The Treasury Department's Office of Foreign Assets Control requires U.S. banks to block financial transactions with FTO's. The Export Administration Regulations impose controls on exports and reexport to FTO's.
FTR- Foreign Trade Regulations. Regulations administered by the U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce, that provides specific instructions on the preparation and filing of the Electronic Export Information (EEI) in the Automated Export System by USPPI's, U.S. Authorized agents, and carriers. The FTR is located in Title 15 Code of Federal Regulations Part 30.
FTSR- Foreign Trade Statistics Regulations.
Regulations formerly issued by the U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce, that were used to provide information on the preparation and filing of the Shipper's Export Declaration (SED) by USPPI's, U.S. Authorized agents, and carriers. These regulations have been revised in their entirety and are now called then Foreign Trade Regulations (FTR).
HPC- High performance Computer. Computers whose processing capabilities require enhanced export control treatment. As computer technology advances, the export control threshold of an HPC changes. Consult EAR §742.12 for the current HPC threshold.
HWA- Hold Without Action. Placing an export license application on HWA stops the review of the export license application under limited circumstances, for example, while the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) is waiting for information from the applicant necessary to review the proposed transaction.
ICP- Internal Control Program. To qualify for a Special Comprehensive License (SCL), the SCL holder and consignee must develop an ICP to assure that exports and reexports are not made contrary to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR).
IEEPA- International Emergency Economic Powers Act. IEEPA grants the President emergency power to respond to a threat to the U.S. national security, foreign policy, or the economy from abroad. Presidents have used IEEPA to continue the Export Administration Regulations in force during lapses of the Export Administration Act. IEEPA is found at 50 U.S.C. §1701 et seq.
ITAR- International Traffic in Arms Regulations. Governs the export and temporary import of defense articles and services under State Department jurisdiction. Regulations set forth in Parts 120-130 of Title 22 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) and issued by the Department of State to implement the Arms Export Control Act (AECA) and other statutory requirements. The ITAR is amended by rules published in the Federal Register.
ITD- Intent to Deny. Under the EAR, BIS must notify the applicant of its intent to deny a license application and give the exporter the opportunity to respond prior to the actual denial. The "intent to deny" letter notifies the applicant of the planned denial and the reasons for it.
MARC- Missile Annex Review Committee. The MARC is an interagency group that develops U.S. proposals and reviews foreign proposals to change the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) Annex. The annex contains the list of items that the MTCR member countries have agreed to control.
MTCR- Missile Technology Control Regime. The United States and other nations in this multilateral control regime have agreed to guidelines for restricting the export of dual use items that may contribute to the development of missiles.
MTEC- Missile Technology Export Committee. An interagency group chaired by a representative of the Department of State (DOS) that reviews export license applications involving items controlled for missile technology reasons.
NP- Nuclear Nonproliferation. A reason for control on the Commerce Control List (CCL) whose purpose is to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons.
NPTC- Office of Nonproliferation and Treaty Compliance. The office within BIS's Export Administration responsible for export licensing and policy relative to items controlled for Chemical and Nuclear Weapons, and Missile Technology reasons. NPTC deals with controls that implement the agreements of the Australia Group(AG), Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) and Missile Technology Control Regime(MTCR). The office is also the principal representative of U.S. industrial interests under the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC). It also has a division which administers U.S. unilateral foreign policy export controls.
NS- National Security. A reason for control on the Commerce Control List (CCL) referring to items that are controlled for national security purposes.
NSG- Nuclear Suppliers Group. The international export control regime focusing on the proliferation of nuclear weapons.
NSTTC- Office of National Security and Technology Transfer Controls. The office in BIS' Export Administration that is responsible for implementing the multilateral export controls under the Wassenaar Arrangement dealing with conventional arms and related dual-use items as well as controls for encryption items, high performance computers and "deemed exports" involving technology transfer to foreign nationals in the U.S.
OAC - Office of Antiboycott Compliance. OAC is responsible for implementing the antiboycott provisions of the Export Administration Regulations (EAR). This office performs three main functions: (1) enforcing the regulations; (2) assisting the public in antiboycott compliance; and (3) compiling and analyzing information regarding international boycotts.
OC- Operating Committee. The interagency working group, chaired by a representative from the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) that reviews license applications in dispute among reviewing agencies.
OEA- Office of Enforcement Analysis. This office within BIS' Export Enforcement is the central point for the collection, research, and analysis of data relating to parties to export transactions. OEA analysts review export license applications, visa applications, and Shipper's Export Declarations, and initiate pre-license checks and post shipment verifications. (BIS previously had an "Office of Export Administration" which was designated "OEA." That office no longer exists.)
OEE- Office of Export Enforcement. OEE is responsible for investigating violations of the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) and the Fastener Quality Act; apprehending violators; and recommending the prosecution of violators. OEE also conducts outreach to educate U.S. exporters how to identify and avoid illegal transactions.
OExS- Office of Exporter Services. The office in BIS' Export Administration responsible for administering the licensing process, counseling exporters, conducting export control seminars, and maintaining the Export Administration Regulations (EAR).
OFAC- Office of Foreign Assets Control. The office at the Department of the Treasury that administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions against targeted foreign countries, terrorism sponsoring organizations and international narcotics traffickers based on U.S. foreign policy and national security goals. OFAC blocks assets of foreign countries subject to economic sanctions, controls participation by U.S. persons, including foreign subsidiaries, in transactions with specific countries or nationals of such countries, and administers embargoes on certain countries or areas of countries.
PECSEA- President's Export Council Subcommittee on Export Administration. A subcommittee of the President's Export Council. The PECSEA is an advisory committee whose members are appointed by the Secretary of Commerce to advise the U.S. Government on matters and issues pertinent to implementation of the provisions of the Export Administration Act (EAA) and the Export Administration Regulations (EAR). The PECSEA is composed primarily of representatives from the private sector.
PINS- Proliferation Information Network System. An automated computer system that supports the Department of Energy's review and analysis of export license applications.
PLC - Pre-License Check. A pre-license check is one of two types of end-use checks. They are conducted to determine the bona fides of the transaction and the end-user as well as confirming that nothing has changed with a known end-user.
PSV - Post-Shipment Verification. A post-shipment verification is one of two types of end-use checks. Post-shipment verifications help the U.S. Government ensure that an item that was exported is being used in accordance with U.S. export control regulations and the terms of the export license.
RS- Regional Stability. A reason for control on the Commerce Control List (CCL) that restricts exports that might affect the military balance in a region in a manner contrary to U.S. foreign policy interests.
RWA- Return Without Action. BIS' closing of a license application case without issuing the license or denying it. BIS may return an export license application to the applicant for one of the following reasons: (a) The applicant has requested the application be returned; (b) A License Exception applies; (c) The items are not under Department of Commerce jurisdiction; (d) Required documentation has not been submitted with the application; or (e) The applicant cannot be reached after several attempts to request additional information necessary for processing of the application.
SHIELD- (not an acronym) - An informal interagency working group that facilitates the review of license applications for chemicals, biological agents, and related equipment and technology.
SDN- Specially Designated National. Specially designated nationals are identified by the Secretary of the Treasury under regulations issued by the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC). Generally, the U.S. embargo on a country extends to SDNs of that country, wherever they may be located. You must consult OFAC before engaging in financial transactions with an SDN.
SDT- Specially Designated Terrorist. A specially designated terrorist is identified in regulations maintained by the Treasury Department's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC). Under OFAC administered regulations, U.S. persons are prohibited from engaging in most transactions with SDTs. Additionally, the Export Administration Regulations impose export and reexport controls on SDTs.
SED- Shipper's Export Declaration. The Department of Commerce paper form used under the FTSR to collect information from a person exporting physical goods from the United States. This form was used for compiling the official U.S. export statistics for the United States and for export control purposes. The SED became obsolete October 1, 2008.
SI- Significant Items. A reason for control on the Commerce Control List (CCL) requiring export licenses for "hot section" technology for the development, production, or overhaul of certain aircraft engines.
SIES- Office of Strategic Industries and Economic Security. The office in BIS' Export Administration responsible for implementing programs to ensure that U.S. defense industries can meet national security requirements, facilitating diversification of U.S. defense related industries into civilian markets, and promoting the conversion of military enterprises in the Newly Independent States to civilian applications.
SNAP-R - Simplified Network Application Process Redesign. A method of submitting applications over the Internet with a web browser. To use SNAP-R, one must first apply to BIS for the issuance of a Company Identification Number (CIN).
SNEC- Sub-group on Nuclear Export Coordination. An interagency committee chaired by a representative from the Department of State (DOS) that reviews export license applications involving items controlled for nuclear nonproliferation (NP) reasons.
SS- Short Supply. A reason for control on the Commerce Control List (CCL) requiring licenses to protect the domestic economy from the excessive drain of scarce materials and to reduce the serious inflationary impact of foreign demand. Currently, licenses are needed for short supply reasons to export crude oil and other petroleum products, unprocessed Western Red Cedar, and horses exported by sea.
STELA- System for Tracking Export License Applications. An automated telephone voice response system that provides applicants with the status of their license and classification applications. The phone number is (202) 482- 2752.
TAC- Technical Advisory Committee. TACs are created under the Export Administration Act (EAA). Their membership includes representatives of industry. They advise the Department of Commerce and other agencies on technical issues related to export control regulations and policy.
TCP- Technology Control Plan.TCPs are required in cases when foreign nationals are employed at or assigned to security-cleared facilities or facilities that handle export-controlled items or information.
USML- United States Munitions List. The list of defense articles, technology and services under the export and temporary import jurisdiction of the State Department. The USML is found in Part 121 of the ITAR. The USML is amended by rules published in the Federal Register.
WA- Wassenaar Arrangement. The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls for Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies is a multilateral regime that contributes to regional and international security by promoting transparency and greater responsibility in international transfers of conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies.
WRO- Western Regional Office. An arm of the Office of Exporter Services, WRO is responsible for counseling exporters throughout the Western United States. WRO is located in southern California with a satellite office in northern California.